Student’s aim: A harvest of good

first_imgLast summer, on her first day in Bangalore, India, Annemarie Ryu ’13 fell in love. The object of her rapt attention was green, spiky, and the size of a beach ball.What Ryu fell for was jackfruit. Her first taste of the vitamin-rich food was from a sidewalk vendor: a handful of slippery yellow slices, served up on a sheet of newspaper.“I had the first piece, and I thought it was something out of wonderland,” said Ryu. “I thought: My word, amazing. I had this magical feeling.”“I had this magical feeling,” recalled Annemarie Ryu ’13 upon trying jackfruit for the first time. Photo courtesy of Annemarie RyuThat magical feeling about Artocarpus heterophyllus could soon be yours. Ryu, a pre-med anthropology concentrator and veteran Harvard public service traveler, has started Global Village Fruits, a for-profit social enterprise she hopes will connect farmers in southern India with American consumers.With harvest season in India now under way, she expects to receive a test shipment in March, and a larger one in May. There will be dried jackfruit for gourmet stores and wheaty-tasting jackfruit flour for bakeries. (Rap artist and musical entrepreneur Devon Ray Williams ’10-’11 is already at work on package designs.)It’s about time America woke up to jackfruit, said Ryu. The oval tree fruit has long been a common food in South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Philippines, East Africa, and Brazil. It is variously known as jak, jaca, mak mi, and mit. It’s the national fruit of Bangladesh. But the West has not caught on, to the wonderment of some experts  even long ago.Jackfruits are high in fiber, beta-carotene, and manganese, as well as being “antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial” — whew! — “anticarcinogenic, anti-fungal, antineoplastic,” and more. Photo courtesy of Annemarie RyuIn 1928, America botanist O.W. Barrett, once a specimen collector for Harvard, remarked on the fruit whose trees are “so well-behaved that it is difficult to explain the general lack of knowledge concerning them.” In the 19th century, jackfruit cultivation had made modest inroads into Florida, but never caught on with growers.Jackfruit has a robust nutritional profile, said Ryu, who plans a career in public health and international medicine. It’s high in fiber, beta-carotene, and manganese, as well as being “antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial” — whew! — “anticarcinogenic, anti-fungal, antineoplastic,” and more.Dried into snack strips, jackfruit tastes like mango, though it is more subtly sweet. Jackfruit seeds (there are up to 500 in a single fruit) can be made into flour that is gluten-free, high in protein, and rich in vitamins B1 and B6. Its interior bulbs can be ground into a flavorful powder, ready for blending into baked goods, smoothies, ice cream, and bubble tea. Ryu hopes products like these will spur an American jackfruit market.For now, shipping the fresh fruit from India is not likely because of federal regulations, she said. But jackfruit in its dried forms can be imported with little red tape.Jackfruit, the product of stately trees up to 60 feet high, can grow to the size of a pumpkin, 80 pounds in weight and 3 feet wide. Ryu stretches out her arms to show how big.But the fruit, properly marketed, has value beyond taste, nutrition, and versatility, she said. It can help poor farmers. In southern India, the locus of Ryu’s interest, jackfruit is grown on small plots without sprays or fertilizers, but is seldom marketed beyond a farmer’s village. Without wider markets, by one estimate, 75 percent of jackfruit in India never reaches consumers. “It’s a delicious thing,” said Ryu, “going to waste.”Her jackfruit inspiration sprouted after a fervent series of international public service trips starting in freshman year. Ryu, who just turned 21, has delivered water chlorination units to the Dominican Republic and built latrines in Haiti. She has conducted health research in Nicaragua and India. She also traveled to Cuba last year as a violinist with the Harvard-Radcliffe Orchestra.So it is natural that Global Village Fruits has a social mission too — one that would turn small farmers into entrepreneurs with reliable markets. Profits would someday underwrite microloans for other small business owners, lifting more people out of poverty. “At the core of this company,” said Ryu, “is how it would help farmers.”last_img read more

Turkey hitting Syrian regime positions after soldiers killed in Idlib: Presidency

first_imgThe latest incident means a total of 42 Turkish security personnel have been killed this month in Idlib.Ruling party spokesman Omer Celik told CNN Turk broadcaster on Friday that Turkey was “fed up with condemnations and statements,” adding Ankara sought “concrete” action from its international partners.”The regime elements are now an enemy element for the Turkish Republic,” Celik added. “This is not just an attack on Turkey, but an attack on international law, the international community.”Some soldiers were injured after the latest incident and taken to hospital in Turkey for treatment, local officials said, without giving exact figures.Topics : “We cannot stand by and watch as past events in Rwanda, and Bosnia and Herzegovina are repeated today in Idlib,” Altun said.Turkey’s activities on the ground in Syria would continue, he added.Syrian rebel supporter Ankara has 12 observation posts in Idlib, set up after a 2018 deal with Damascus ally Russia in a bid to prevent a regime offensive.But despite the agreement, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has pressed ahead with an assault to retake the last rebel-held bastion, backed by Russian air support. Turkey was retaliating against the Syrian regime after 22 Turkish soldiers were killed in an air strike blamed on Damascus, an official said Friday, as he urged the international community to fulfil its responsibilities.”All known targets of the regime have come and will continue to come under fire from the air and ground,” Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s communications director, Fahrettin Altun, said in a statement.”We urge the international community to fulfil its responsibilities,” Altun added, to stop the regime’s “crimes against humanity”.last_img read more

The Latest: MotoGP to resume with 2 races in Spain in July

first_imgThe competition organizers say they have confirmed 13 races. They are all at European locations.They say four more races in the United States, Argentina, Thailand and Malaysia could be added to the calendar depending on health and travel restrictions. That decision on the additional races will be made before July 31.The track in Jérez, Spain, will host the first two races on July 19 and 26 before the competition heads to the Czech Republic for the third race.The season is expected to finish before Dec. 13.___ More AP sports: and June 11, 2020 Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditThe Latest on the effects of the coronavirus outbreak on sports around the world:___MotoGP says it will resume next month with two races in Spain following a suspension caused by the coronavirus pandemic.center_img Associated Press The Latest: MotoGP to resume with 2 races in Spain in Julylast_img read more

John Barnes: Black managers given less time

first_imgBLACK football managers are given less time than white counterparts to turn poor form around, claims John Barnes.The former Celtic, Jamaica and Tranmere boss told BBC Scotland he believes unconscious bias is commonplace.The 56-year-old said: “Results get you sacked. For the vast majority of black managers, they will be sacked quicker than a failed white manager.“There is no evidence. It’s just a feeling that we get and the statistics will suggest that.”Barnes, born in Jamaica, starred for Watford, Liverpool and England in the 1980s and ’90s. He was appointed head coach at Celtic in 1999, with fellow Liverpool favourite Kenny Dalglish installed at the same time as director of football.However, Barnes’ time at the Glasgow club was fraught and he was sacked following the 3-1 Scottish Cup defeat by second-tier Inverness Caledonian Thistle. His team had won 13 and drawn two of their 20 league games.In the past week he has expressed his views on Twitter and responded to comments made by fans about the restricted opportunities for black managers and how quickly they may be sacked relative to their white counterparts.“I was just engaging with people,” he explained. “It went on to become personal, or all about Celtic and all about racism in football, but that was not what it was all about.“How can you prove it? You can’t. Even with statistics, it could still be coincidence.“There’s not one British black manager who has been at a club more than one or two years, which would suggest if it wasn’t anything to do with bias whatsoever, all black managers are not good enough, because they’re black.”‘Celtic struggle nothing to do with my race’Barnes believes the issue is not so much one of prospective black managers being given the opportunity, but “the opportunity to be given time, trust, belief”.Of his time at Celtic, Barnes said his experiences “had nothing to do with my race”.“From the first week I lost the dressing room, but that had nothing to do with my colour,” he said. “There were other dynamics being told about me, my capabilities.“I was undermined straightaway by the fans who said, ‘Should John Barnes have been given the job?’“The chief executive said, ‘It’s a risk we’re taking but we’ve got Kenny Dalglish here,’ which undermined me straightaway.“I know that the hierarchy didn’t want me there, but Kenny Dalglish insisted and I thank Kenny for that to my dying day because I wanted to be a coach. “You had a big split in the dressing room. You had players who were bigger than others. It was very obvious the disrespect they had for Bobby Petta and Stiliyan Petrov. I had them crying in my office.“I knew it wouldn’t last. I said to my wife after one week, ‘Don’t move up, because this is not going to work,’ and that was when things were going well in the first six to eight games. I didn’t get another job for nine years.”‘Until we admit it, nothing will change’Barnes believes football is no different from society in general and his view is that the first step to resolving the problem is to admit it exists.“Where do you see black leaders in mainstream institutions?” he said. “The first thing is to own it. People will agree with you (on bias) but say it’s ‘not at our club’.“People think that racists are people who throw bananas on the field and hurl abuse, and if we don’t do it, we’re not racist. There are degrees of discrimination amongst all of us, from a sexist point of view, a homophobic point of view and a race point of view.“We are all biased to a certain degree. Until we admit it, nothing will change.” (BBC Sport)last_img read more