amphotora/iStock(PHILADELPHIA) — “It’s not us versus them,” Philadelphia’s first black female police commissioner, Danielle Outlaw, said at a press conference on Monday when speaking about building trust between the community and police. The just-named commissioner who was appointed by Mayor Jim Kenney, takes the reins four months after former commissioner Richard Ross resigned in the wake of allegations that his department engaged in sexual harassment and racial and gender discrimination, reported ABC News’ Philadelphia affiliate, WPVI-TV.Outlaw said that among her goals as the new commissioner was to ensure “people are treated equitably regardless of their gender, identity, race, ethnicity or sexual orientation.” She previously served as chief of police with the Portland Police Bureau and also spent 20 years with the Oakland, California, police department according to her biography on the Portland police’s website. Outlaw also said she will “work relentlessly to reduce crime in Philadelphia particularly the insidious gun violence that plagues too many of our communities.” A report from October showed there had been 1,190 shooting victims in the city and 280 homicide victims — a number up 4% from the same time period last year.In October, the city had been rocked by two horrific incidents: the fatal shooting of a 2-year-old and the shooting of an 11-month-old who has been shot four times while seated in the back of a car. Outlaw will also be dealing with recent tension between the city’s police and its black residents. In September, acting police commissioner Christine Coulter ignited uproar when a 25-year-old photo showed her donning a white T-shirt with the words, “L.A.P.D. We Treat You Like a King,” written in black. The shirt appeared to make reference to the brutal Los Angeles police beating of Rodney King in 1991. And in June, several dozen Philadelphia police officers were placed on administrative duty after The Plain View Project, a database that collects public Facebook posts and comments from current and former police officers, claimed it had uncovered more than 300 racist, sexist and/or biased social media posts by the city’s police officers.Outlaw spoke about the city’s police and its relationship with the community. “I am convinced that trust can be restored,” she said. “I’m convinced that community policing or community-police relations can be rebuilt and fortified through dialogue, transparency and accountability — that was true in Oakland and in Portland and I know it to be true here in Philadelphia,” Outlaw continued. Copyright © 2019, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.
Andrew Ho, research director of HarvardX and an assistant professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education (HGSE), spoke with the Gazette about a recent study that found that interspersing online lectures with short tests improved student performance. The practice cut student mind-wandering by half, tripled the rate of note-taking, and improved overall retention of the material, according to the research, published last week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.GAZETTE: In describing the study, senior author Daniel Schacter, the William R. Kenan Jr. Professor of Psychology, said there is “shockingly little” hard scientific data on how students learn online — how useful do you see this new study as being?HO: Of course it’s incredibly important. Dan is a member of our HarvardX Research Committee, which is charged with coordinating and supporting the research mission of HarvardX, and research like this is one reason he’s on that committee, and one of the many ways he’s contributed to our discussions thus far.It’s true that there are fewer scientific research findings in this field than one would expect, but that is rapidly changing, and it’s frankly our mission to change it. One of the challenges to this type of research is that it can be difficult to obtain large sample sizes, but the platform we have is beginning to change that. We are able to capture every mouse click with HarvardX, and that is an incredibly rich resource for research. It’s allowing us to address a number of questions that we hadn’t been able to address in the past, and Dan’s paper is an example of the type of work we want to facilitate.GAZETTE: What was your reaction when you first saw the findings?HO: I think the take-home point from this for our HarvardX research mission is the importance of experimental research. HarvardX is already incorporating the implications of Dan’s findings into its courses — we’re already interspersing assessments with lectures, but the key question is: How do we know if it is working? This type of controlled experimentation is the answer.What Dan’s work allows us to say is that interspersing lectures with tests isn’t just associated with these outcomes — it actually caused them. It is the reason why mind-wandering decreased and note-taking increased. Without this type of rigorous experimentation, all we have is speculation. I think that’s the great opportunity that HarvardX affords, and it’s something that we are primed to take advantage of with people like Dan on the committee.Dan is hoping to replicate this in the HarvardX world, and to ask questions about whether this result can be generalized to other courses or other topics, and whether this leads to greater learning outcomes, which is something we haven’t been able to test yet.GAZETTE: There is still a perception that taking online classes is somehow less educationally valid than being in a brick-and-mortar classroom. Do you see this study as refuting that belief?HO: This is a reminder that online learning is an active process, not a passive process. We are not watching television, we are not watching TED talks, and we are not watching YouTube videos. We are an active participant in a process that is challenging us, and forcing us to think and respond. What this paper shows is that active participation doesn’t just force us to move, it actually focuses us, and elicits behaviors that are associated with active learning.GAZETTE: While this recent paper focuses on online education, researchers have said they would expect to see the same effect in in-person lectures. How do you see the best practices of the virtual classroom affecting real-world classrooms?HO: The world of online education challenges us as instructors to make our teaching good enough to show to the entire world. But part of the HarvardX mission is to make sure that we are having an impact on our students on Harvard’s campus as well — this is not just about how we can distribute our lectures around the world but how we can improve our practice for our students here.I think, in many ways, online education is about putting old pieces together in new ways, but what we find is that the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. We are engaging communities through online discussion forums, and by encouraging constant self-assessment. Students can see their progress is real-time and, as they’re sitting and watching a lecture, they can also track and measure their learning. As Dan’s work shows, this can be an incredibly motivating and active process.There is as much a lesson here for our classrooms on campus — that if we can break up our presentation into assessable moments, it can improve students’ overall performance. The virtual classroom need not replace the real-world classroom as much as transform it — we can improve our practices by incorporating these new technologies and these new models of interaction. We are active participants, and what this paper shows is that by challenging us to do more than watch, but to think, we cannot help but learn.
Hoolahan had a transfer request rejected last month after Aston Villa, managed by former Carrow Road boss Paul Lambert, had a bid rebuffed by Norwich. Hughton has spoken to the Republic of Ireland international this week, but declined to disclose the content of the conversation. The Canaries boss was adamant, though, Hoolahan will not be leaving on loan and is in contention for Saturday’s match at home to Manchester City. “Wes will be in the squad,” Hughton said. “There is only one thing that is certain now: Wes will be here. “Wes is very committed. We have a 14-game end-of-season run-in and he’s very much there for the challenge, very much part of the squad. “He’s very motivated. He’s knuckled down very well in training. He is a good player as we are all aware of and he will be fighting the same as everyone else for a place. “He’s trained very well and he’s very focused.” Hoolahan has not played since the New Year’s Day draw at Crystal Palace and made his wishes clear last month. But Hughton does not anticipate a negative reaction from supporters at Carrow Road on Saturday. Norwich manager Chris Hughton has insisted Wes Hoolahan is committed to the Canaries’ cause after the wantaway winger was denied a January move. Press Association “The only things I’m thinking about Wes at this particular moment are all positive,” Hughton added. “He’s a very popular member here. He’s done some wonderful things for this football club and we are very much looking forward to him being part of these past 14 games and giving everything he’s got.” Norwich, who are 15th two points clear of the relegation zone, will be aiming to make amends for their “worst performance of the season” when City visit this weekend, having lost 7-0 at the Etihad Stadium in November. City are looking to respond from their first home loss this season when Chelsea won on Monday after a seemingly irrepressible run of form. “There won’t be too many people that will expect us to beat Manchester City,” Hughton added. “The ones I’d like to think would think different to that is our players. “If we’ve got a committed group of players that are looking to play as a team, to defend well, but also have our really good moments of offensive play, that’s all that you can ask for. “It’s a really wonderful challenge for us.” Former Everton defender Joseph Yobo could make his debut against City at Carrow Road after signing on loan from Fenerbahce. Centre back Ryan Bennett (thigh) is a major doubt and faces a fitness test, while defender Michael Turner (hamstring) and midfielder Jonny Howson (back) are continuing their rehabilitation. Hughton vowed not to sit back against City, a team Norwich lost 4-3 to at home last season and beat at the Etihad Stadium last May. “It’s about getting the balance right,” Hughton said. “You have to be a solid enough team and you have to defend well. “But you have to be a threat. If you’re sitting back for 90 minutes there’s probably only going to be one result.”